Principles of Instruction: Research-based strategies that all teachers should know


In a 2012 article, Barak Rosenshine outlines 10 principles of instruction that ‘all teachers should know’. These principles are:

  • Begin a lesson with short review of previous learning
  • Present new material in small steps with student practice after each step
  • Ask a large number of questions and check the responses of all students
  • Provide models
  • Guide student practice
  • Check for student understanding
  • Obtain a higher success rate
  • Provide scaffolds for difficult tasks
  • Require and monitor independent practice
  • Engage students in weekly and monthly review

For Rosenshine’s full article including further advice on how to implement each of these principles click on the link below.

Click here to access a full copy of the report

Shared by A. Appleby